Conventionally, access control in Florida and elsewhere involves selectively restricting entrance to a specific location or space within it. This security is typically implemented through locks and valid login credentials. In general, physical access control is a matter of who, where, and when: who gets to enter or exit, where they are permitted to do so, and when. Benham Protective Services is more than qualified to set up any system you like for both physical and electronic safety.
A simple example of this principle is the turnstiles in a theme park or stadium. While they may not keep people from entering, they do control the flow and force them to enter slowly and one at a time. The most traditional form is the good old lock and key method. Only those with a valid key can unlock the door and go inside. However, as we know, people have found ways to circumvent this and break in, which is why more sophisticated methods have been developed and implemented.
Endless Options for Protection
Today a diverse range of sophisticated technologies are available depending on your needs. Electronic access control systems utilize all kinds of credential options in place of mechanical keys. When access is granted, the door unlocks for a previously specified period, and the transaction gets recorded. When access is denied, the door stays locked, and the attempted access gets recorded too. You’ll have a full record of who entered and who attempted to.
The system can even monitor the door and sound an alarm if it’s forced or held open beyond the decided period after access was granted. We can configure this however you like and will ensure it works well before we’re finished.
What Makes Up Your System
An access setup has several components, including a control point, a lock, a reader—often a card reader—a door switch, a request-to-exit control, and an alarm. The readers that can be used are:
- Basic (Non-Intelligent) – Simply reads the card number, PIN, or—in the case of biometric identification—a unique ID, and forwards it to the control panel.
- Semi-Intelligent – Controls door hardware such as locks, contacts, and exit buttons, but does not make any decisions regarding access.
- Intelligent – Controls door hardware and independently makes access decisions.
Access control systems make decisions about granting or denying access by comparing the credential to a list. This look-up is completed through a server or host, a control panel, or a reader. The chief arrangement is usually hub and spoke with a control panel, which performs the look-up and controls the access. Controllers are usually IP-enabled and connect through standard networks. Below are some examples of possible access control setups that we can implement for you:
- Serial Controllers – connected to a host PC via a serial RS-485 communication line.
- Serial Main and Sub-Controllers – all door hardware connects to sub-controllers, which usually don’t make access decisions but forward all requests to the main controller instead.
- Serial Main Controllers and Intelligent Readers – door hardware connects directly to intelligent or semi-intelligent readers.
- Serial Controllers with Terminal Servers – controls access with servers not connected to a network.
- Network-Enabled Main Controllers – controls access with servers not connected to a network.
- IP Controllers – controllers connected to a host PC via Ethernet LAN or WAN.
- IP Readers – readers connected to a host PC via Ethernet LAN or WAN.